2 Samuel 23

1 These are the last words of David: “The word of David the son of Jesʹse, And the word of the man who was raised on high, The anointed of the God of Jacob, The pleasant singer of the songs of Israel.

2 The spirit of Jehovah spoke through me; His word was on my tongue.

3 The God of Israel spoke; To me the Rock of Israel said: ‘When the one ruling over mankind is righteous, Ruling in the fear of God,

4 It is like the morning light when the sun shines, A morning without clouds. It is like the brightness after the rain, Making grass sprout from the earth.’

5 Is not my house like that before God? For he has made an eternal covenant with me, Arranged in every detail and secured. Because it means my complete salvation and all my delight, Is that not why he makes it flourish?

6 But worthless men are all thrown away like thornbushes, For they cannot be taken with the hand.

7 When a man touches them, He should be fully armed with iron and the shaft of a spear, And they should be completely burned up with fire in their place.”

8 These are the names of David’s mighty warriors: Joʹsheb-bassheʹbeth a Tahcheʹmonite, the head of the three. He brandished his spear over 800 slain at one time.

9 Next to him, Eleaʹzar the son of Doʹdo the son of Ahoʹhi was among the three mighty warriors with David when they taunted the Philisʹtines. They had gathered there for the battle, and when the men of Israel retreated,

10 he stood his ground and kept striking down the Philisʹtines until his arm grew weary and his hand became stiff from gripping the sword. So Jehovah brought about a great victory on that day; and the people returned behind him to strip the slain.

11 Next to him was Shamʹmah the son of Aʹgee the Harʹarite. The Philisʹtines gathered together at Leʹhi, where there was a plot of land full of lentils; and the people fled because of the Philisʹtines.

12 But he took his stand in the middle of the field and defended it and kept striking down the Philisʹtines, so that Jehovah brought about a great victory.

13 Three of the 30 headmen went down during the harvest to David at the cave of Adulʹlam, and a company of the Philisʹtines was camped in the Valley of Rephʹaim.

14 David was then in the stronghold, and an outpost of the Philisʹtines was in Bethʹlehem.

15 Then David expressed his longing: “If only I could have a drink of the water from the cistern by the gate of Bethʹlehem!”

16 At that the three mighty warriors forced their way into the camp of the Philisʹtines and drew water from the cistern by the gate of Bethʹlehem and brought it to David; but he refused to drink it and poured it out to Jehovah.

17 He said: “It is unthinkable on my part, O Jehovah, that I should do this! Should I drink the blood of the men going at the risk of their lives?” So he refused to drink it. These are the things that his three mighty warriors did.

18 Abishʹai the brother of Joʹab the son of Zeruʹiah was the head of another three; he brandished his spear over 300 slain, and he had a reputation like the three.

19 Although he was the most distinguished of the other three and he was their chief, he did not attain to the rank of the first three.

20 Benaiʹah the son of Jehoiʹada was a courageous man who performed many exploits in Kabʹzeel. He struck down the two sons of Arʹiel of Moʹab, and he descended into a waterpit on a snowy day and killed a lion.

21 He also struck down an Egyptian man of extraordinary size. Though the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, he went against him with a rod and snatched the spear away from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear.

22 These things Benaiʹah the son of Jehoiʹada did, and he had a reputation like that of the three mighty warriors.

23 Although he was distinguished even more than the thirty, he did not attain to the rank of the three. However, David appointed him over his own bodyguard.

24 Asʹahel the brother of Joʹab was among the thirty: Elhaʹnan the son of Doʹdo of Bethʹlehem,

25 Shamʹmah the Haʹrodite, Eliʹka the Haʹrodite,

26 Heʹlez the Palʹtite, Iʹra the son of Ikʹkesh the Tekoʹite,

27 Abi-eʹzer the Anʹathothite, Mebunʹnai the Huʹshathite,

28 Zalʹmon the Ahoʹhite, Maʹharai the Netophʹathite,

29 Heʹleb the son of Baʹanah the Netophʹathite, Itʹtai the son of Riʹbai of Gibʹeah of the Benʹjaminites,

30 Benaiʹah a Pirʹathonite, Hidʹdai of the wadis of Gaʹash,

31 Aʹbi-alʹbon the Arʹbathite, Azʹmaveth the Bar-huʹmite,

32 Eliʹahba the Shaalʹbonite, the sons of Jaʹshen, Jonʹathan,

33 Shamʹmah the Harʹarite, Ahiʹam the son of Shaʹrar the Harʹarite,

34 Eliphʹelet the son of Ahasʹbai the son of the Maacʹathite, Eliʹam the son of Ahithʹophel the Giʹlonite,

35 Hezʹro the Carʹmelite, Paʹarai the Arʹbite,

36 Iʹgal the son of Nathan of Zoʹbah, Baʹni the Gadʹite,

37 Zeʹlek the Amʹmonite, Naʹharai the Beerʹothite, the armor-bearer of Joʹab the son of Zeruʹiah,

38 Iʹra the Ithʹrite, Gaʹreb the Ithʹrite,

39 and Uriʹah the Hitʹtite—37 in all.